Introducing the Featherflu™ H5N1 Bird Flu Research Foundation


Migratory waterfowl are now the primary epizootic vector for HPAI/H5N1 viral incubation and dispersal along the North American Pacific Flyway \textemdash all California condor nesting & release sites lie directly in their path (Ramey (2022)).

\section*{History of Condor Population Decline}

In 1982 California condors went extinct in the wild and only (22) twenty-two remained alive in captivity (Robinson et al. (2021, 2939)). According to (2021), ``endangered species frequently suffer from a lack of genetic diversity, potentially leading to inbreeding depression and reduced adaptability”[-Robinson et al. (2021)).

The California condor has 40 pairs of chromosomes (compared to 23 pairs for humans) and the California condor’s fully-sequenced genome prepared by Robinson et al. (2021) in their Robinson et al. (2021) complete & contiguous rendering of the California condor genome by means of a high-quality"\footnote{\citeauthor{RobCB31} useda long read chromatin mapping interaction mapping chromosome-length assembly (Hi-C) method” to fully and contiguously sequence the genome \citeyearpar[p. ~2939]{RobCB31}.} sequencing method which revealed the California condor shares a common ancestor with the American poultry-farmed chicken whose genetic divergence occurred $\approx$ 70 million years before present \citep[p. ~2939]{RobCB31}.

Ramey, Hill, A. M. 2022. “Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Is an Emerging Disease Threat to Wild Birds in North America.” The Journal of Wildlife Management 86 (2): 1–21.
Robinson, J. A., R. C. K. Bowie, O. Dudchenko, E. L. Aiden, and S. L. et al. Hendrickeson. 2021. “Genome-Wide Diversity in the California Condor Tracks Its Prehistoric Abundance and Decline.” Current Biology 31 (7): 2939–46.

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